What is P4C?


P4C is essentially about developing thinking and reasoning skills, through talking and posing challenging questions.

These questions cover a range of subjects and experiences.

P4c is designed to get everybody thinking.

Not all questions can be answered but all answers can be questioned!


Why do P4C?


P4C sessions allow us time to focus on developing key thinking, communication and social skills. 

Research (please refer to www.sapere.org.uk for details) shows that P4C supports the development of children’s cognitive, speaking, listening and reasoning skills. This, in turn, results in improved English and Maths outcomes.

P4C also allows personal, social and emotional growth of individuals, boosting confidence and self-esteem. Children are given the time and space to learn how to manage their emotions appropriately, as well as allowing them to become more understanding towards one another.


The main principles of a P4C discussion are:

It’s Ok to change your mind.

It’s ok to disagree as long as you are respectful.

Everyone’s ideas are valued.


The adult also focuses on developing P4C 4C’s thinking:

Caring – understanding others and being respectful of different opinions.

Collaborative – finding solutions together.

Creative – making connections and thinking of new ideas.

Critical – understanding what we think and why.


P4C also specifically promotes the school attributes of


Curious– Children are encouraged to ask questions about the world we live in.

Independent– Children forward their own ideas, and argue their own reasoning, coming to conclusions on their own individually or as a group, in contrast to simply being told.

 Articulate– Children share their opinions with each other, build upon each other’s ideas.